- Notice when you start slipping into a negative space, absolutist ways of thinking where you think the worst of yourself, your life and your future.
- Recognize that these are habitual ways of thinking. It's what you always think when you start to feel bad.
- Be aware of triggers! Often certain people and situations trigger painful, negative self-destructive thoughts. Try and distance yourself from these, or completely avoid them, if you possibly can.
- Deliberately look for the counter arguments. For example: when have things been a bit better, when have you done something right, when has someone been kind and understanding?
- Visualize positive things that make you happy, such as curling up with a book in bed, listening to your favorite music, and so on. Often changing our thinking to things that make us happy changes our negative feelings and thoughts.
- Get into the habit of building yourself up, so you notice and affirm your successes, strengths, good intentions and positive traits.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is probably the most common anxiety disorder, affecting 5-6% of the population. It is characterized by chronic worry about all sorts of life problems and circumstances. It will differ from normal worrying through the intensity, frequency, and perceived lack of control over the worry thoughts. There might be a biological basis to GAD where some people are more likely to over-respond to life's stresses; and studies of families show their is a chance of some genetic influence.
Social Anxiety Disorder, or Social Phobia, is an overwhelming fear of social situations and is the most common anxiety disorder. It is much more than shyness and can be intense fear over things such as shopping or speaking on the phone. It is normal to feel worry in some social situations, but a person suffering from Social Anxiety Disorder will worry excessively before, during, and after the event. This type of phobia can have a disruptive or disabling impact on a person's life, affecting their self esteem, confidence, and ability to develop relationships with others.
Panic Disorder is where a person has recurring and regular panic attacks, often with no clear reason. For those who suffer from panic disorder, feelings of anxiety, stress and panic can occur regularly and at any time. Panic attack symptoms are feelings of nausea, sweating, trembling, and palpitations. In the UK, panic disorder affects about two in 100 people, and it is roughly twice as common in women than it is in men.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder is caused by very stressful, frightening, or distressing events. Someone suffering from PTSD will often experience flash backs and nightmares of the event, as well as feelings of isolation and guilt. They may have a problem sleeping, and find concentrating difficult, these symptoms are often severe and will have a significant impact on the person's daily life.
Unlike clinical depression, adjustment disorder is often triggered by a significant change in a person's life. Treatment is important, here is what you need to know. Depression, of course, is not a rarity. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that in 2016, 6.7% of adults in the US- 16.2million!- endured at least one major depressive episode in a year. Obviously, it feels miserable to feel miserable whether it's a temporary or chronic condition. But it is essential to know what you are dealing with so you can get the proper treatment as quickly as possible. Major depressive disorder is diagnosed when you have experienced five or more of the following symptoms over a two-week period that impact your ability to function day to day:
If you under go A life changing trauma, do this:
Your son may be doing well in school and get along with others, but be a bit withdrawn and have odd likes and dislikes. Then you might notice that his grades are slipping. He might lost interest in playing sports or give up his guitar and stop seeing the friends he used to jam with. His sleep habits might change-he might be unable to fall asleep or wake to early. Next, he might tell you for a few hours he heard voices of people who weren't there, or thought that he was being trailed by a spy. These strange voices or perceptions may go quickly and never turn into a lasting mental illness. However, these early signs of schizophrenia shouldn't be ignored. Your son needs a professional evaluation. Look for a psychiatrist who has experience with teens and psychosis. There are steps you can take to delay schizophrenia even if it is bound to come, writes Herbert Meltzer, a psychiatrist and professor at Northwestern University. If mental illness runs in the family, consider a candid conversation with your children: They need to know that experimenting with drugs is more dangerous for them than for other people. Any grandparent, parent, or sibling with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder means that they may have genes that put them at risk of psychosis. Marijuana may seem like a low-risk drug, but not for them- it could bring on the illness earlier. "Special K" (ketamine), cocaine, and methamphetamine are also dangerous. If your child has been diagnosed with ADHD and is taking Ritalin or amphetamines, the drugs may have brought on the voices and paranoia. Unusual stress like bullying could also trigger an underlying vulnerability. As a parent, you can work with your child and her school to limit the stress. If your household has become stressful, it might even be better for your child to live somewhere else, Meltzer noted. During the evaluation, your child's doctor should rule out contributions from other illnesses. Now is also the time to gather information from relatives about the course of their illness and treatment. Their history may be clues to what will work best for your child. The genes of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia overlap. If one sibling has been diagnosed with schizophrenia, other siblings are more likely to develop schizophrenia then bipolar disorder. If one child is showing early symptoms of schizophrenia, it's reasonable for his siblings to be concerned about themselves and you can help by having them evaluated as well. If a mother has bipolar disorder disease, a child with early symptoms could develop schizophrenia rather than bipolar disorder. It is important for anyone diagnosed with schizophrenia to undergo repeated tests for working memory, word memory, and speed of processing information, attention, and social understanding. A steady decline in even on area is a danger sign and treatment drugs can make a difference. The drugs Lurasidone, Olanzapine, and Risperidone may help improve performance. Look for signs of motor side effects for medication. Tardive dyskinesia- involuntary movements of the lip, tongue, and cheeks- has been linked to cognitive impairment. It's easy for people to forget to take medication. Consider long acting injectable medications that work from two weeks to three months. Five percent of patients with schizophrenia die from suicide, and many more try. Although clozapine has many side-effects, they can be minimized and the drug lowers suicide risk. Family and group therapy may be more helpful than individual therapy. The early signs of schizophrenia appear earlier in boys, usually between ages 16 and 25. The average age of onset is 18 in men and 25 in women. The later the onset, the better chance of a full life and quick action can make all the difference.